Stop Enforced Disappearance Campaign

204 cases of enforced disappearance recorded from December 1st, 2015 until March 31, 2016.

Sending the list of 101 names of those who are still missing to the National Council of Human Rights

The Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms

Stop Enforced Disappearance Campaign

204 cases of enforced disappearance recorded from December 1st, 2015 until March 31, 2016.

Sending the list of 101 names of those who are still missing to the National Council of Human Rights

April 11, 2016

“Stop Enforced Disappearance Campaign” released a report with updated details of those who were subjected to enforced disappearance from December 1st, 2015 until March 31, 2016. The report recorded 204 cases of enforced disappearances along the period under study; among the 204 cases the campaign found out that, 101 cases are still disappeared while 103 have appeared over the four-month period.

The report included detailed statistical analysis and graphical representation for the collected data accompanied with a list of names for the ones who did not appear yet. (Lists last updated on April 5, 2015)

The report concluded that the phenomenon of enforced disappearance is a mere tool of repression and intimidation to a wide range of people and not only opposition under the allegations of preserving national security and protecting the people of Egypt. The report also drew attention to the difficulty of accessing information and details about the disappeared all over Egypt noting that there are some parts like Sinai that are under-represented regarding the dangerous consequences that might result from conducting interviews at in any part of the governorate.

Based on the report released on April 11, 2016, the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) will seek an official action through sending the detailed report and a list of the disappeared to the National Council of Human Rights demanding an urgent investigation with any parties involved in the phenomenon of abducting citizens, hiding them and illegally interrogating them.

“Stop Enforced Disappearance Campaign” recorded 204 cases of enforced disappearance from December 1, 2015, until March 31, 2016, 101 cases amongst them did not appear yet. Moreover, the campaign reported that 87% of the ones who appeared are still in custody.

Chronologically, 36 cases in December 2015, 57 cases in January 2016, 79 cases in February while 32 cases in March. The documented cases represented a wide spectrum ages, social classes, professions and governorates.

Some statistics the campaign has recorded are as follows, the average age of the disappeared along the four-month period is 25.4 years old, and the maximum age is 71 years old while the minimum age is 14 years old. Youth category was the most frequently appearing category among the disappeared as it score 79 cases of 204 represent almost 39% of the disappeared.  On the other hand, 21 children were abducted along this period. The report also reflected that most of the cases belong to either middle or lower social class, and students represented the majority of the disappeared recording 100 cases.

Geographically, Cairo has witnessed the largest share of abduction as 30 cases were from Cairo, then Giza comes in the second places with 29 cases followed by Alexandria and Beni Suef with 27 cases. For those who appeared during this period, the places of their appearance varied between police station, prosecution and courts.

Regarding the variation of appearance rates along the period, 12 cases appeared in December 2015, 11 cases in January 2016, while recorded the highest rate of appearances as 50 cases appeared by the end of February 2016. Moreover, four cases have appeared recently in April.

Stop enforced disappearance insists that enforced disappearance is a crime against humanity especially if practiced systematically, besides emphasizing that revealing information about the disappeared is the only way to maintain justice and the rule of law.

The Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms had previously issued a detailed report about enforced disappearances in December 2015 based on the data collected by the campaign.

Therefore, Stop Enforced Disappearance campaign demands the following:

  • Hold accountable those responsible for enforced disappearance crime from the national security and military intelligence, and those responsible for illegally detaining citizens in illegal or secret places of custody.
  • Periodic oversight by the prosecution over the premises of police, national security, prisons, Central Security camps, and military prisons, and bring those responsible for detaining citizens without legal reason to justice.
  • To review the complaints filed by victims’ families that prove the disappearance of their relatives by the security forces and to investigate them urgently answering the families by an official letters with the results of the investigations
  • Form an official legal entity under the administration of the General Persecutor and to be chaired by Attorney General to be authorized to investigate the enforced disappearance cases and to oversight the official and unofficial places of detention.
  • Allowing the National Council for Human Right to make sudden visits to places of custody and allowing periodic visits by human rights organizations to make sure of applying the law.
  • Criminalizing enforced disappearance in the Egyptian law and considering it a crime of no status of limitation.
  • Joining the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance of 2006, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court for the year 1998 and the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture of year 2002